Ecological Footprint: What Is More Sustainable – Gold Mining Or Gold Recycling?

In recent decades, the focus in regards to supply chains has predominantly been on human rights with the key phrase being „conflict  resources“. Using the OECD guidelines, industrial organizations, such as the London Bullion Market Association (LBMA) or the Responsible Jewelry Council (RJC), have defined processes that, when audited, provide protection against the violation of human rights in the extraction […]


Central banks
in buying mood!


The central banks of some emerging countries have recently fallen into a veritable shopping spree. Notwithstanding the high gold prices, institutions, most recently from Russia and Turkey, have bought large amounts of gold. The fourth largest buyer in 2019 so far has been the People’s Republic of China with almost 100 tons, but, behind closed doors, as one starts with […]